Can buildings be like plants – grow from the ground in harmony with their natural surroundings? Organic architecture proves that it is possible. The philosophy developed by the legendary Frank Lloyd Wright has inspired dozens of architects around the world. One of the amazing eco-friendly modern houses designed in accordance with organic architecture philosophy can be seen on the outskirts of Moscow.
Organic architecture is associated with many with buildings imitating natural forms (mainly plants), i.e. dominated by round shapes and flowing lines. However, according to the ideas of Frank Lloyd Wright, considered to be the father of 20th-century organic architecture, it is not the forms themselves that are most important, but their relationship with the environment.
There are also examples in the history of both ways of understanding organic architecture – buildings composed of rounded and wavy elements, and at the same time harmoniously integrated into the surrounding landscape.
“House in the Landscape” is a Moscow modern house designed by Niko Architect studio. The designers wanted to develop a cubic capacity that won’t be too visible and imposing. But at the same time, they wanted the house to provide the residents with intimacy and contact with their natural surroundings. The important thing was also to create an eco-friendly house.
The organic and at the same time futuristic silhouette of the single-family house has been integrated with an artificial hill, which was created especially for this investment. This combination of modern architecture and landscape has resulted in a house where the boundary between the “built” and “natural” part is blurred.
Although from the top view one might think that the house was built on a square plan, its shape cannot be easily described – it is an irregular structure of oval, permeating structures.
Made of reinforced concrete, the building emerges from the ground in the midst of large stretches of grass and carpeted areas around it. The architectural composition develops from the outside to the inside, where huge windows emphasize the inseparable link between this modern house and the nature.
The undisturbed mutual fusion of the landscape with the building and the building with the landscape is enhanced by the presence of a green roof covered with woody and herbaceous vegetation – typical of this climatic zone – and zenith skylights placed along the sun’s trajectory to capture its light.
While designing the project, Niko Architect wanted to implement some of the philosophy of metabolism. “As a result of the inexpressive environment, the fundamental concept base was the integration of the building into an artificially-created landscape and the inextricable connection of architecture with the open courtyard site structure” explains Niko.
According to the studios’ approach to architecture, the composition of modern architecture should develop freely. “the idea of functional expediency, based on the harmonious “adaptation” of the project to the conditions of its existence and purpose, prevails”.
The interiors have been designed in the style of a “home gallery”: the white walls of the building provide a background for works of art and design, sculptures and decorative elements with Japanese themes and hidden symbolic forms.
This modern house is shaped in U letter and organized accordingly so that the plan follows the movement of the sun throughout the day.
The floor made of ceramic with the effect of striated black marble brings to mind the halls of the most prestigious international museums.
The building consists of three bedrooms, three bathrooms, living room, dining room, café and study. The common space is divided into three zones: a kitchen-dining area, an open space with a fireplace, and a coffee corner. Zones are separated by a partition with a round hole, which takes inspiration from Japanese culture.
The courtyard, arranged around a central sculpture, is finished with raised wooden path. A small wooden balcony overlooks the swimming pool with the shore, offering a suggestive view.